Defense & Security Current Affairs | January 2021
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Defense and Security - January 2021
|31st January, 2021|
Indian Navy successfully conducts test-firing of Anti-Ship Missile ‘Combat Kh35E’
The anti-ship missile ‘Kh35E’ was successfully test fired by Indian Navy’s maritime reconnaissance aircraft ‘Ilyushin 38SD’ during the Theatre Level Readiness and Operational Exercise 2021 (TROPEX-21). The test was conducted in the Indian Ocean Region where the missile accurately dodged the target ship and sank it. With successful tests of ‘Kh35E’, India Navy is now capable of carrying out long range naval strikes in the Indian Ocean Region. TROPEX is a biennial exercise that evaluates the combat readiness of the Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard.
|30th January, 2021|
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited to unveil Tejas Mk-II in September, 2022
Indian aircrafts manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) will launch the indigenous Tejas Mark-II variant in September, 2022. HAL also announced that the high speed trials of the Tejas Mk-II will be conducted in 2023. The company aims to start the manufacturing of Tejas Mk-II from 2025. Tejas Mk-II will be an upgraded version of Tejas Mk-IA which will be equipped with all the modern warfare technologies. It will have a greater load carrying capacity, larger fuselage, longer range, stronger engine and enhanced maneuverability.
|27th January, 2021|
Third batch of Rafale fighter jets arrives from France
The third batch of 3 Rafale fighter aircrafts has arrived at the Indian Air Force Base, Ambala from France. The aircrafts covered a distance of 7000 kilometers by flying continuously with the help of airborne refueling by UAE Air Force. The 3 aircrafts took off from Istres Air Base of France .The Rafael fighter aircrafts have been designed and manufactured by French aerospace giant- Dassault Aviation. IAF has ordered 36 aircrafts from France out of which 11 have arrived India.
India to buy 12 Sukhoi-30 MKI and 21 MiG-29 fighter planes from Russia
Government of India is set to purchase 12 Sukhoi-30 MKI and 21 MiG-29 fighter planes from Russia. The existing 59 MiG-29 fighter aircrafts of the Indian Air Force (IAF) will also be upgraded along with the purchase. The 12 Sukhoi-30 MKI aircrafts will be added to the existing fleet of 272 aircrafts at a cost of Rs. 10,730 crores. The assembly of these jets has been licensed to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The 21 Mig-29 aircrafts will be procured at a cost of Rs. 7,418 crores.
|25th January, 2021|
DRDO successfully conducts the maiden launch of Akash-NG Missile
The Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) successfully conducted the maiden launch of the newly developed Akash- NG Surface-to-Air Missile where NG stands for ‘New Generation’. The maiden launch was conducted at the Integrated Test Range of Balasore, Odisha by DRDO assisted by Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) and Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL). The missile has been developed for the Indian Air Force (IAF) for intercepting the low Radar Cross-Section (RCS) aerial threats with high maneuverability. The missile is made of 96 % indigenous materials and equipments.
Joint Tri-Service military exercise ‘AMPHEX-21’ held in Andaman & Nicobar
Indian Navy, Indian Army and India Air Force participated in the joint tri-service military exercise ‘AMPHEX-21’ held at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands from 21st to 25th January, 2021. AMPHEX-21 stands for Amphibious Military Exercise 2021. The defense exercise ‘KAVACH’ was also conducted as a part of the AMPHEX-21 in the Bay of Bengal, under the Andaman & Nicobar Command (ANC). The objective of the AMPHEX-21 was to validate the capabilities of the Indian Armed Forces to protect the island territories of India.
|24th January, 2021|
Bilateral Air Exercise ‘Desert Knight - 21’ held in Jodhpur
Bilateral Air Exercise ‘Exercise Desert Knight- 21’ of ‘Ex DK - 21’ was held at the Indian Air Force Station, Jodhpur from 20th to 24th January, 2021. The exercise was conducted between Indian Air Force (IAF) and French Air and Space Force (FASF) which involved the newly inducted Rafale fighter jets of IAF and FASF. The objective of the exercise was to share best practices and operational concepts between the two counterparts for effective combat deployment of Rafale Fighter Jets. Both the countries will also conduct air wargames codenamed as ‘SKYROS’ in Jodhpur.
|22nd January, 2021|
HAL successfully conducts the testing of SAAW in Odisha coast
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has successfully conducted the testing of the indigenous Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) in the Odisha coast. The weapon was test fired from an indigenous Hawk Mk-132 aircraft. SAAW has been developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) – Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad. The weapon has been developed under the HAL’s Hawk-i Program. SAAW is a 125 kg air-to-ground strike weapon with a high precision range of 100 kilometers. SAAW is capable of destroying radars, bunkers, taxi tracks and runways.
|18th January, 2021|
CRPF gets DRDO-designed Motorbike Ambulance ‘Rakshita’
Defense Research and Development Organization- Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (DRDO-INMAS) delivered indigenously designed and built motor bike-based casualty transport emergency vehicle ‘Rakshita’ to the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). Bike Ambulance ‘Rakshita’ has been designed on Royal Enfield Classic 350cc. ‘Rakshita’ comes with integrated emergency medical support system with air splint, oxygen kit and medical kit along with a detachable reclining Casualty Evacuation Seat (CES). The bike ambulance also comes with head immobilizer, safety harness jacket, hand and foot straps and physiological parameter measuring equipment.
|13th January, 2021|
Army’s Innovation Display exhibits the 1st indigenous 9mm machine pistol ‘ASMI’
The 1st indigenous 9mm machine pistol ‘ASMI’ was displayed at the Army’s Innovation Display held on 13th January, 2021. ASMI has been jointly developed by Defense Research and Development Organization’s (DRDO) - Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), Pune and Indian Army’s Infantry School, Mhow. The main person behind the ASMI’s development is Lieutenant Colonel Prasad Bansod of the Infantry School who developed it in a record time of 4 months. The guns to be handed to the Indian Army will be industrially manufactured at a cost of Rs. 50,000.
Indian Navy co-ordinates the 2nd ‘Sea Vigil 21’ Naval Exercise
Indian Navy coordinated the 2nd edition of ‘Sea Vigil-21’ exercise along the entire Indian coastline on 12th and 13th January, 2021. It is the largest coastal defense exercise covering around 7, 516 km of coast surrounding Indian landmass. The biennial naval exercise included all the 13 coastal states and Union Territories. Indian Navy, Indian Air Force, Indian Coast Guard, National Security Guard, Border Security Force, Oil handling agencies, airports and fishing communities participated in the exercise. The ‘Sea Vigil 21’ exercise is considered as a build up towards the Theatre-Level Readiness Operational Exercise (TROPEX) conducted by the Indian Navy biennially.
|6th January, 2021|
BEML to manufacture High Mobility Vehicles for Indian Army
Ministry of Defense has signed a contract with Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) for procuring High Mobility Vehicles (HMVs) worth Rs. 758 crores. The HMVs will be manufactured in the BEML’s Palakkad Facility in Kerala and the order will be delivered in 12 months to Indian Army. The HMVs are being procured for improving the logistical management capabilities of the Indian Army. The HMVs will be used for transportation of ammunition and supplies to the forward posts of Indian Army.
|4th January, 2021|
Indian Army sets up new Human Rights Cell
Indian Army has set up a new Human Rights Cell in Indian Army Headquarters, New Delhi for addressing the issues related to the violation of human rights by the armed forces. Indian Army has appointed Major General Gautam Chauhan as the 1st Additional Director General (ADG)-HR of the newly formed Human Rights Cell. He will examine the human rights violations by Indian Army personnel under Indian Army Vice Chief Lieutenant General SK Saini. The Human Rights Cell has been established to promote clean track records of Indian Army personnel.
|1st January, 2021|
Indian Coast Guard signs MoU with 7 countries in Asia for maritime cooperation
Indian Coast Guard (ICG) has signed an MoU with Vietnam, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines and Japan for cooperation in Maritime Search and Rescue (M-SAR). At present the Search and Rescue (SAR) operations are coordinated and controlled through Maritime Rescue Coordination Centers (MRCC) situated at Chennai, Mumbai and Port Blair. The operations in the Indian Ocean are mainly coordinated by ICG Karnataka. ICG hosts maritime exercises and communication check exercises with the above listed countries on regular basis.