Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity | January 2021

Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity | January 2021

Environment, Ecology, and Biodiversity Current Affairs- 2021

14th January 2021

Polar Vortex May send The countries into Deep Freeze

It has been predicted by the meteorologists that the polar vortex, which is now splitting into two and swirling southward may send the US and European countries into a chilling deep freeze. The Polar vortex is losing stability. The splitting will cause extreme weather changes, the colder air is expected to come out of the Arctic and cause the onset of extremely harsh winters. Polar Vortex is a whirling cone of low pressure over the poles that is strongest in the winter months. It is caused due to the increased temperature contrast between the polar regions and the mid-latitudes.

8th January 2021

The advisory for management of Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) has been approved

The Standing Committee of the National Board of Wildlife has approved the advisory for the management of the Human-Wildlife Conflict. The advisory has made crucial decisions on dealing with Human-Wildlife Conflict Situation in the States and the Union Territories. The advisory calls for inter-departmental coordination. It looks to empower the Gram Panchayats, utilize the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna for compensation for crops destroyed by the Human-Wildlife conflict. A Portion of the Interim Relief will be paid to the victim/family in 24 hours. It calls for the adoption of early warning systems and the identification of hotspots.

 

7th January 2021

DRDO and MAHA-Metro sign an MoU for the implementation of the advanced Biodigester

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), and the Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation (MAHA –METRO), a joint venture company of the Government of India, and Government of Maharashtra, have signed an MoU for the conservation of water and the protection of the environment by installing DRDO’s eco-friendly biodigester units.  DRDO shall provide technical support for the implementation of its advanced biodigester with  Mk-II technology. This technology will be used for the treatment of human waste in the metro rail network. The biodigester technology is indigenous, green, and cost-effective

6th January 2021

2020 was one of the warmest years since 1901.

The Indian Meteorological Department has recently released a statement on the Climate of India. According to this, 2020 was the 8th warmest year since 1901. The highest warming was observed in the year 2016. The decade 2011-2020 was also one of the warmest decades with a temperature rise of about 0.34 degrees Celsius. This temperature rise indicates an overall rising temperature. This rising temperature highlights the fast-changing scenarios due to Climate change and calls for immediate effective action to be taken in this regard.

5th January 2021

The 40th Indian Scientific Expedition Flagged off

Recently, The 40th Indian Scientific Expedition was flagged off from the Mormugao Port in Goa. The expedition on the chartered Ice vessel MV Vasiliy Golovnin shall reach Antarctica in 30 days. There are e43 members on board the vessel. The Jet A1 fuel, lubricants, and Marine Gas Oil have been supplied by Indian Oil Corporation. The expedition has both scientific and humanitarian responsibility. It looks to bring back a 48-strong winter crew from their 15-month tenure, and resupply the bases with basic amenities like food, fuel, spares, for the maintenance of life support systems in the ice continent.

4th January 2021

Atmosphere and Climate Research-Modelling Observation Systems and Services scheme

The Ministry of Earth Sciences recently reviewed the Atmosphere and Climate Research-Modelling Observation Systems and Services (ACROSS) scheme. The ACROSS scheme is a part of the atmospheric Science Program of the Ministry of Earth Sciences. It looks into various aspects of the weather and climate services like cyclone warnings, storm Sturges, thunderstorms, and heatwaves. ACROSS has 9 sub-schemes. ACROSS aims at providing better weather, climate, and ocean forecast. This shall ensure the transfer of the commensurate benefits to the other services as well.

 

1st January 2021

1st Centre notifies 0-1 km area around the boundary of Kerala''s Mathikettan Shola Park as Eco-sensitive Zone

The Central Government has recently notified 1km are around the Mathiketta National Park in Kerala as an Eco-sensitive zone. The extent of this area varies from   0km to 1km. It has been marked as an Eco-Sensitive Zone considering the unique character of the Shola forest, and the fact that it houses an important elephant strip. Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has reiterated the importance f the conservation of this strip from an ecological, environmental and biological point of view. It looks to prohibit the operations of industries or classes of industries in the Eco-Sensitive area.