Important Dates and Days Current Affairs in October 2020

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Current Affairs - National Unity Day - 31st October 2020

National Unity Day or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is observed on 31st October every year across the country to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel popularly known as the Iron Man of India.

History- 31st October was declared as National Unity Day by the Government of India in 2014.

Significance- The day is observed to pay our tributes to Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel for his great works in integrating India into a single unified country from 562 small princely states after India’s independence from British colonial rule.

Key Points-

  • 31st October 2020 is the 144th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel.
  • He was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India apart from a freedom fighter and a politician.
  • A massive 182 m statue has been built near the bank of Narmada River in the memory of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel which is known as the ‘Statue of Unity’.
  • The ‘Statue of Unity’ is the largest statue in the world.

Current Affairs - International Chef’s Day - 20th October 2020

The International Chef’s Day is celebrated on the 20th of October every year. The day is observed globally to focus on educating kids around the world about eating healthy and for the chefs to pass on their knowledge and skills to the next generation of chefs. It also stands as a day to appreciate the work done by the chefs to bring delicious food onto our tables to fill our tummy and our minds.

History:- Esteemed chef Dr Bill Gallagher created International Chefs Day in 2004. Gallagher was also the president of the World Association of Chefs Societies (also called WorldChefs). Since 2004, WorldChefs has used International Chefs Day to celebrate the nobility of the culinary profession.

Theme:- The theme for the day observed this year is 'Healthy Food For the Future'. The theme is very significant in today’s world as the consumption of junk and unhealthy food is rising among the population, especially among the youth. This will lead to the rise of different diseases among them, which will destroy the future generation.

 

Current Afffairs - International Day for the Eradication of Poverty - 17th October 2020

 The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is an international observance celebrated each year on October 17 throughout the world. As poverty is still a significant problem that exists in the world, especially in the third world countries, the day helps in spreading awareness about the fact and to contribute towards the cost.

History:- The first commemoration of the event took place in Paris, France in 1987 when 100,000 people gathered on the Human Rights and Liberties Plaza to honor victims of poverty, hunger, violence, and fear at the unveiling of a commemorative stone by Joseph Wresinski, founder of the International Movement ATD Fourth World. In 1992, four years after Wresinski's death, the United Nations officially designated October 17 as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.

Theme:-The theme for 2020 is "Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all”. The growth of multidimensional poverty suggests that the society and environment are very really inter connected in the cause of poverty.

 

Current Afffairs - World Anesthesia Day - 16th October 2020

World Anesthesia Day, also known in some countries as National Anesthesia Day or Ether Day, is an annual event celebrated around the world on 16 October to commemorate the first successful demonstration of diethyl ether anesthesia on 16 October 1846. This is a very important day in the history of medical sciences as it helped the patients to undergo surgery without pain. The discovery and use of the compound have thus helped the medical sciences to leap forward with its discoveries and treatment methods with the perfect consent of the patient.

History:- The historical first use of anesthesia took place in an operating theater (now known as the Ether Dome) at the Massachusetts General Hospital, home of the Harvard School of Medicine. Special events have been held to commemorate the date since at least 1903. The World Federation of Societies of Anesthesiologists celebrates World Anesthesia Day annually

 

Current Afffairs - World Spine Day - 16th October 2020

 The World Spine Day is observed on the 16th of October every year. The day is marked to address the problems caused to the spine, especially due to lifestyle related problems. This is very significant in the present scenario, as many are forced to be confined to houses due to the COVID-19 pandemic. People are bound to stay at home and some are doing work from home. Prolonged and continuous sitting has been linked to a range of health conditions.

History:- Since 2012, the World Federation of Chiropractic has been coordinating World Spine Day in collaboration with organizations across the world. This year's is the ninth official World Spine Day.

Theme:- the theme for this year is “Back on Track”. The theme celebrates people being able to reactivate and revitalize their bodies by getting out and focusing on effective spine care. The theme also highlights the importance of exercise, posture, movement, and good self-care to make the spine healthy.

 

Current Afffairs -  World Food Day - 16th October 2020

World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honour of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945. This year is very special for the World Food Programme, a part of the United Nations Food Programme, as they received the Nobel Prize in Peace for the year 2020 for their efforts to combat hunger, contribution to make peace in conflicted areas and for playing role of driving force to stop the use of hunger in the form of a weapon for war and conflict. The theme of this year is ‘Grow, Nourish, Sustain. Together. Our actions are our future’.                                          

History:- World Food Day was established by the Food and Agriculture Organization’s 20th General Conference in November 1979. The Hungarian Delegation, led by the former Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food Dr. Pál Romány, played an active role at the 20th Session of the FAO Conference and suggested the idea of celebrating the WFD worldwide.

 

Current Afffairs - World Students' Day - 15th October 2020 

 October 15th is celebrated as the World Students Day, on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, the renowned scientist and ex-President of India. The day is celebrated to acknowledge the fact that the students are the future of the planet and the knowledge they receive while studying will make or break their generation.

Theme:- The theme for the day this year is "Learning for people, planet, prosperity, and peace". This theme highlights the ultimate goal of development ambitions in our education and in our student life. It also highlights the importance of the right form of studies, which will help the World to become a better place for its inhabitants.

History:- The UN established World Students Day in the year 2010. It is celebrated on Dr. Kalam’s birth anniversary because he was a dedicated teacher and lost his life while delivering a lecture to students. He inspired millions of youth through his works, achievements, books, lectures, etc. He had a simple personality that will be remembered always.

 

Current Afffairs - World White Cane day - 15th October 2020

The World White Cane day is celebrated globally and especially in the United States of America on the 15th of October every year, in order to represent the plight of blind people. A white cane is a tool used by blind people to guide themselves while walking. It is essentially a life saver for the blind people and such a representation is apt for the community altogether.

History:- In 1964, then US President Lyndon B Johnson first initiated the day in order to recognize the needs of the community and to encourage people to help them out. In 2011, President Barack Obama then went on to call it the Blind Americans Equality Day, taking a step further to say that they are equal citizens like others.

Significance:- The visually impaired community owes a sizable amount of the population in any country in the world. In almost all these countries, these people are also looked down as they need an external help in doing out their daily chores. The white cane helps them to be more independent and be more equal to regular people in their society.

 

Current Afffairs - Global Hand washing day - 15th October 2020

October 15 is celebrated as the Global Hand washing Day across the world. The day is promoted as a way to encourage and spread awareness to people the good effects of washing your hands in a proper manner. The campaign is done to avoid diseases which may be caused by poor hand hygiene. The day is of utmost importance this year as the world faces the ill effects of the corona virus, which can be fought with effective hand washing. The theme for the day this year is "Hand Hygiene for All".

History:- Global Hand washing Day was initiated by the Global Hand washing Partnership (GHP) in August 2008 at the annual World Water Week in Stockholm, Sweden. The first Global Hand washing Day took place on 15 October 2008. The date was then approved by the UN General Assembly. 

Significance:- Washing hands with soap and water prevent illness and the spread of infections to others. It also helps in reducing the number of young children from getting sick. Therefore the day will help kids and students to know more about hand hygiene and will help them and communities will stay healthy.

 

Current Afffairs - Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance day - 15th October 2020

The Pregnancy and Infant loss Remembrance Day is commemorated on the 15th of October every year, as a day to remember babies who have passed away due to miscarriage, stillbirth, neonatal death, and other causes of infant loss. The day is observed on the date by different countries all over the globe, with many countries adding up to the list every year. The day will help in increasing public awareness which will help in the creation and establishment of programs that support and provide assistance to survivors of baby loss, enabling them to overcome their trauma and integrate their bereavement into their life in a healthy, helpful, healing manner.

History:- The Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day Campaign began in 2002 as an American movement started by Robyn Bear, Lisa Brown, and Tammy Novak. Together, they petitioned the federal government, as well as the governors of each of the 50 states. The day was finally officially recognized by the House of Representatives on 2006

 

Current Afffairs -  World Standards Day - 14th October 2020

The World Standards Day is celebrated on October 14th of each year. The day is marked to pay tribute to the collaborative efforts of the thousands of experts across the world who develop the voluntary technical agreements that are published as International Standards. The international standards prepared by IEC, ISO and ITU take into account tried and true solutions to technical challenges. They help share expertise and expert know-how broadly within developed and developing countries alike.

Theme:- The theme for the day this year is "Protecting the planet with standards". The planet has been severely affected by different items which are widely used by people and emit substances that are harmful for nature. The standards will help reduce the use of such items which cause harmful emissions

Significance:- The world is facing rapid urbanization, globalization, an increasing global population, etc. We are also facing the issue of climate change which requires new solutions urgently. Therefore, to face all these challenges, standardization plays an important role in developing new opportunities and solutions to solve technical challenges.

 

Current Afffairs -  International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction - 13th October 2020

The International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is commemorated every year on the 13th of October. The day is marked to create a clear understanding as to how people and communities across the world are reducing their exposure to disasters. It also spreads awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that they face. This year also tells us through the COVID-19 pandemic that we should be ready for any type of disasters that may come up.

 Theme:-The theme for this year is "Disaster risk governance".  This year the emphasis of the celebrations is all on governance of disaster risk. Good disaster risk governance can be measured in the lives saved, reduction in the number of disaster-affected people, and reduced economic losses.

History:- The International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction was started in 1989, after a call by the United Nations General Assembly for a day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction.

 

Current Afffairs - International Day of Girl Child - 11th October 2020

The International Day of Girl Child is celebrated on the 11th of October every year, to destroy the stigma surrounding a girl child. Even today, a girl child is viewed on as a liability in different parts of the world. This also comes during a very important time when the atrocities against girls and women in general are on an all time rise in different countries, especially in India.

Theme:- The theme selected for this year is "My voice, our equal future". The theme focuses on inclusion, gender quality and listening to what girls want, their dreams and aspirations.

History:- In 1995 at the World Conference on Women in Beijing countries unanimously adopted the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action – the most progressive blueprint ever for advancing the rights of not only women but girls. The Beijing Declaration is the first to specifically call out girls’ rights. On December 19, 2011, United Nations General Assembly declared October 11 as the International Day of the Girl Child, to recognize girls’ rights and the unique challenges girls face around the world.

 

Current Afffairs - World Mental Health Day - 10th October 2020

The World Mental Health Day is celebrated worldwide on October 10th of each year. The day is celebrated to spread awareness about the necessity of a good mental health and the dire effects a low mental health can cause on a human mind and body. The day is especially important this year as the world go through a very difficult time. The past several months have been challenging for almost every single person on the planet and this has wreaked havoc on the mental health standards across the world. Thus theme for this year is “Mental Health for All: Greater Investment – Greater Access”.

History:- The initiative to celebrate October 10 as the World Mental Health day was taken by the Deputy Secretary-General Richard. It was celebrated for the first time in the year 1994. However, there was no theme given to the day until 1994. The first theme designated for the day was “Improving the Quality of Mental Health Services throughout the World.”

 

Current Afffairs -  World Post Day - 9th October 2020

The World Post Day is celebrated each year on the 9th of October. The day is marked to commemorate the services done by the posts during the time they were really relevant and to spread awareness about the importance of it during these times also. It was first marked by the Universal Postal Union in Berlin at 1969. The theme for the day this year is “We Have Always Delivered”.

History:- The day marks the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 1874 in Switzerland. The day was declared as the World Post Day by the UPU Congress held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969. Since then, countries across the world participate annually in the celebrations.

Significance:- The goal of the day is to create awareness of the role of the postal sector in people’s and businesses’ everyday lives and its contribution to the social and economic development of countries. The celebration encourages member countries to undertake program activities aimed at generating a broader awareness of their Post’s role and activities among the public and media on a national scale.

 

Current Afffairs - World Sight Day - 8th October 2020

The World Sight Day is marked on the second Thursday of October of every year. The day falls on the 8th of October in 2020. The day is marked to draw attention on blindness and vision impairment difficulties faced by a vast share of the population in different countries. It also brings out a message of helping out visually impaired people in their day to day life. The theme selected for this year is “Hope In Sight”, which is set to give out hope to such people during the tough times of the pandemic.

History:- World Sight Day originated in the year 1990 by an initiative of the Sight First Campaign of Lions Club International Foundation (LCIF). The club aims at the development and maintenance of eye care systems, providing facilities for sight-restoring surgeries, and distribution of medication for people at high risk of suffering from eye diseases

Significance:- 1 billion people around the world have a preventable vision impairment or one that has yet to be addressed.  Reduced or absent eyesight can have major and long-lasting effects on all aspects of life, including daily personal activities, interacting with the community, school and work opportunities and the ability to access public services.

 

Current Afffairs - Indian Air Force Day - 8th October 2020

The Indian Air Force (IAF) Day is celebrated every year on October 8. The day marks the initiation of the Indian Air force in 1932 and this year, the IAF will proudly observe its 88th anniversary. The IAF has been involved in many key Wars and battles in its 88 year history like the World War 2 and the Kargil War. On the occasion, a scintillating air display by various aircrafts in the IAF is a routine followed by the air wing of the Indian armed forces.

Indian Air Force:- One of the powerful air forces in the World, the IAF boasts a very proud collection of aircrafts, including the newly added Rafael. The air force has been involved in many tactical operations across the borders, especially in the Kargil War and in the recent Balakot Surgical Strike.

History:- The IAF was founded on October 8, 1932. It was officially established as an auxiliary air force of the British Empire which honored India's aviation service during World War II with the prefix Royal. With the government's transition to a Republic in 1950, the prefix Royal was removed.

 

Current Afffairs - German-American Day - 6th October 2020

The German-American Day, celebrated on the 6th of October every year, is a national Holiday in the United States of America. It is a symbol of the cooperation and heritage shared by the American and German people in the USA. It also commemorates the founding the Germantown, a town located in Northwest Philadelphia.

History:-  In 1983, President Ronald Reagan proclaimed October 6 as German-American Day to celebrate and honor the 300th anniversary of German immigration to and culture in the United States. On August 6, 1987, Congress approved S.J. Resolution 108, designating October 6, 1987, as German-American Day. It became effective when President Reagan signed it on August 18 and was issued on October 2, 1987.

Significance:- The cultural influence of the Germans among Americans have lead to many important ripples throughout American history. The Germantown was the birthplace of the idea of Anti-slavery, and was a temporary residential town for Abraham Lincoln.

 

Current Afffairs - World Teachers Day - 5th October 2020

World Teachers' Day, also known as International Teachers Day, is an international day held annually on 5 October. Established in 1994, it commemorates the signing of the 1966 UNESCO/ILO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers, which is a standard-setting instrument that addresses the status and situations of teachers around the world. The day is also a tribute to the beautiful work done by the Teachers to educate the world and to ultimately make it a better place. The theme for this year is “Teachers: Leading in crisis, reimagining the future”.

History:- October 5, 1966 marked a special moment for the rights for teachers. During a special intergovernmental conference summoned by UNESCO in Paris, they adopted the UNESCO/ILO recommendation regarding the status of teachers in cooperation with the International Labor Organization (ILO).

UNESCO/ILO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers:- It outlines standards relating to education personnel policy, recruitment, and initial training as well as the continuing education of teachers, their employment, and working conditions.

 

Current Afffairs - World Habitat Day - 5th October 2020

The World Habitat Day is celebrated every year on the first Monday of October. For the year 2020, the Day will be marked on October 5. The UN has marked the day for the making people aware about the need for a proper habitat for all species. It is also celebrated to remind us that we are powerful enough to make a sustainable habitat for all and to destroy the same habitat.

Theme:-  The theme for this year is “ Housing for all- A better Urban Future”. This theme was chosen in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic situation in which the world is suffering from. COVID-19 has reminded us that home is much more than just a roof.  A home is needed to make us feel safe and enable us to continue living, working and learning. So this day makes us ware of the importance of having a home.

History:- In 1985 the United Nations designated the first Monday of October every year as World Habitat Day. The idea is to reflect on the state of our towns and cities and the basic right of all to adequate shelter. It is also intended to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat.

 

Current Afffairs - World Animal Welfare Day - 4th October 2020

World Animal Welfare Day is observed on October 4th across the world every year. The international day is very significant in terms of caring, protecting, and spreading awareness through the support and involvement of individuals, groups and organizations that care for and love animals. This is the reason it is also known as "Animal Lovers Day". the day is commemorated in very many countries by different programs. The theme for this year is “To raise the status of animals to improve welfare standards around the globe”.

History:- October 4 is also the Feast Day of St Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals. Heinrich Zimmermann organized the first celebration in 1925 in Berlin, Germany. He launched the event to raise awareness and improve the welfare of animals. More than 5000 people showed up and showed their support in the first event.

Significance:- The day holds a huge significance in today’s world as the nature is dying due to human atrocities and the natural habitats of different species of animals are being destroyed for personal gains. There are different species of animals who are on the verge of extinction and are on the highly endangered list.

 

Current Afffairs - German Unity Day - 3rd October 2020

The German Unity Day is the national day of Germany and is celebrated as a national holiday. The day marks the reunification of East Germany and West Germany in 1990. It was for the first time since 1945 that a Unified Germany existed. There are widespread celebrations that happen throughout the country on the special occasion. The main celebrations happen in any one of the major cites in Germany each year. The celebrations for this year happened at Potsdam, the state capital of the Brandenburg province.

History:- After the World War 2,  Germany had split into 2 parts, the Federal Republic of Germany( or West Germany) which was backed by the United States and the Democratic Republic of Germany( or East Germany), which was backed by the Soviet Union. After widespread protests of people against the government, the Parliament of East Germany decided to merge itself with the West Germany on October 3rd, which then became the German Unity Day.

Significance:- The unification of Germany is one of the most historically important moments of Europe. This, along with the fall of Berlin Wall, depicted a changed Germany and its people front he time of Nazis. This also became the last nail on the coffin of Soviet Union which then fell on December 1991.

 

Current Afffairs - International Day of Non-Violence - 2nd October 2020

The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence. The great ideologies shared by Mahatma Gandhi eventually led to the century long British oppression in India without any form of violence between Indians and the British. The day was marked by the United Nations in a general assembly held in 2007

History:- In January 2004, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi got an idea for establishing an International Day of Non-Violence from a Hindi teacher in Paris teaching international students to the World Social Forum in Mumbai. The Satyagraha Conference resolution in New Delhi in January 2007, initiated by Indian National Congress President and Chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance Sonia Gandhi and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, also found the idea interesting and called upon the United Nations to adopt the idea. On 15 June 2007 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish 2 October as the International Day of Non-Violence.

 

Current Afffairs - Gandhi Jayanti - 2nd October 2020

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on October 2 every year to mark the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the nation. It is the different strikes and other efforts put in by Mahatma Gandhi that finally resulted in the end of British oppression and the Freedom of India  The day is observed across states and territories in India, and is one of the officially declared national holidays throughout the country.

History:- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi has been the pole figure in the Indian Freedom struggle against the oppression of British. His ahimsa movements (non-Violence movements0 have been taken as an example in other countries till date. The Dandi March of 1930 and Quit India Movement of 1942 are 2 among many movements taken place under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi

Significance:- The Gandhi Jayanti is of great national importance in the country as it is celebrated throughout the nation. The President and Prime-Minister of the Nation pay their homage to the Father of the nation at his resting place, the Raj Ghat. Many programmes celebrating his works are held throughout the country.

 

Current Afffairs - World Vegetarian Day - 1st October 2020

The first day of the month of October is marked as the World Vegetarian Day. In an age where number of people moving into a vegetarian diet is on a sharp increase, the World Vegetarian Day spreads awareness about the benefits of going meat-less in their diet. World Vegetarian Day initiates the month of October as Vegetarian Awareness Month, which ends with November 1, World Vegan Day, as the end of that month of celebration. The day was first initiated by the North American Vegetarian Society and then taken on by International Vegetarian Union.

Importance:- Changing into a vegetarian diet is considered a good thing nowadays due to the lifestyle diseases which takes hold of people due to over consumption of un-healthy junk food. A vegetarian diet also helps in preserving the environment and the nature.

Organization:- The International Vegetarian Union (IVU) is an international non-profit organization whose purpose is to promote vegetarianism. The IVU was founded in 1908 in Dresden, Germany. It is an umbrella organization which includes other sub-organizations from different countries. The IVU organizes the World and Regional Vegetarian Congresses which is held once every 2 years.

 

Current Afffairs - International Coffee Day - 1st October 2020

International Coffee Day is celebrated worldwide on October 1 every year. The occasion is used to promote and celebrate coffee as a beverage, with events taking place across the world during the day to celebrate the occasion. The date was first addressed by the International Coffee Organization on 2015 and was launched in Milan, Italy as the part of Expo 2105 Milan. This day is also used to promote fair trade coffee and to raise awareness for the plight of the coffee growers.

Significance:- Coffee is one of the most used beverage on the planet, with the coffee industry being a huge support to many third world economies. The beverage has many health benefits in it. The amount of caffeine in the drink has helped many people throughout the world, making it a staple drink in many countries.

Organization:- The International Coffee Organization, is the international body which governs the trade of Coffee over the world. It  was set up in 1963 in London, under the auspices of the United Nations (UN) due to the economic importance of coffee. It administers the International Coffee Agreement (ICA), an important instrument for development of cooperation among countries involved in Coffee trade.

 

Current Afffairs -  International Day of Older Persons - 1st October 2020

The International Day of Older Persons is commemorated every year on the 1st of October. The day is marked to raise awareness of the need to care for elder citizens and to ensure their wellbeing. The day is also a reminder of how the elder people have framed the society for use to live in. The day is celebrated by all the United Nations member countries.

History:- The United Nations General Assembly held on December 14, 1990, had voted on to mark October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons. The day was first commemorated on October 1, 1991, and 2020 marks the 30th year of instituting the day.

Theme:- The theme for this year is “Pandemics: Do They Change How We Address Age and Ageing?” The theme and the day come in very significant and crucial time for elderly people as they are the group of people most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The death toll among the elder citizens of all the affected countries is huge compared to other age groups and the theme tries to bring about a new wave of reviving the care received by the older persons.