Important Dates and Days Current Affairs in November 2020

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Important Dates and Days Current Affairs in November 2020

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days -30th November 2020

National Organ Donation Day

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

27 November has been celebrated as the 'Indian Organ Donation Day' in the country for the last 10 years

Key Point:

  • The year 2020 marked the 11th National Organ Donation Day. 
  • This  is being organized by the National Organ & Tissue Transplant Organization 
  • NOTTO is under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

International Day for Elimination of Violence against Women

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

25 November is celebrated as the International Day for Elimination of Violence against Women

Key Point:

  • “Orange the World: Fund, Respond, Prevent, Collect" is the theme for this year.
  • The UN Secretary-General’s UNiTE is to End Violence against Women 
  • This campaign is a multi-year effort aimed at preventing and eliminating violence against women and girls.

National Organ Donation Day

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

27 November observed as the ‘Indian Organ Donation Day’.Celebrated in the Health Ministry

Key Point:

  • Organ donations in India have always been disappointingly low. 
  • Only about  0.65 donations per million population take place in the country
  • Compared to this in Spain, it is about 35 and 26 in the US.

 

Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

30th November is being celebrated as the Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare since 2005. 

Key Point:

  • The day honors the people who have suffered and died in chemical warfare. 
  • It also aims to reaffirm the vision of the UN for a world free of chemical weapons.

Saint Andrew's Day

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

Observed on: 30 November 

Key Point:

  • This day is celebrated every year in Scotland.
  • It is celebrated especially in the countries where Saint Andrew is the patron saint 
  • These cities include Bulgaria, Barbados,  Scotland,  Columbia, Greece,  Cyprus, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days -29th November 2020

International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People 

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

Observed on: November 29

Celebrated by: UN General Assembly

Key Point:

  • It was adopted under resolution 32/40 B.
  • The resolution was passed by the assembly in 1947 on the partition of Palestine.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days -26th November 2020

National Milk Day 

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

Observed on:  26th November 

Key Point:

  • It is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Dr. Verghese Kurien 
  • National Milk Day was introduced in 2014
  •  Dr.Verghese Kurien, who is considered the 'MilkMan of India' & 'Father of the White Revolution'. 
  • This day commemorates his contribution to the country’s dairy farming and production.
  • India is the largest producer of milk in the world

Constitution Day or Samvidhan Diwas 

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

Celebrated on: 26 November

Key Point:

  • This is also celebrated as National Law Day. 
  • This day is celebrated to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. 

Background:

  • To begin with, it was celebrated in remembrance of the Purna Swaraj, Lahore Session in 1930.
  • 2015 onwards, the day is celebrated to promote Constitution values among citizens.
  • The Constitution was adopted on 26 January 1950

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days -25th November 2020

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

Celebrated Annually on: 25th November 

Celebrated by: United Nations

Theme: Fund, Respond, Prevent, Collect

Key Point:

  • Three Mirabal sisters were assassinated upon orders from the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo on November 25, 1960.
  •  In 1981, activists from Caribbean Feminist Encuentros and Latin America marked November 25 as a day to raise awareness of violence against women.
  • According to the  United Nations, violence against women as the act of gender-based violence that results in physical, mental, or sexual harm. 
  • Violence includes threats of arbitrary deprivation of liberty. 
  • According to the World Health Organization, one in three women (that is 35% of women) are experiencing physical violence

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days -24th November 2020

Guru Teg Bhadur Martyrdom Day

 -By, Dr. Rituparna Dubey

Martyrdom Day of Guru Teg Bahadur is observed across India on 24th November every year to commemorate his sacrifice to protect the ideals and principles of his religion.

Key Highlights-

  • The day of remembrance is also called as ‘Shaheedi Diwas’.
  • Guru Teg Bahadur was born on 1st April 1621 at Amritsar.
  • He was killed on 24th November 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
  • Guru Teg Bahadur is known by the name of Hind Di Chaadar‘
  • President Ram Nath Kovind paid his tribute to Guru Teg Bahadur today in the morning.
  • He saved the Kashmiri Pandits getting prosecuted by the Mughal Sultanate.

 

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 21st November 2020

World Television Day 2020

World Television Day is observed on 21st November every year for remembering the day on which the 1st World Television Forum was held in 1996. It was declared by the United Nations in December 1996.

Key Highlights-

  • Television or TV is the only medium of information in many parts of the world even in this internet era. TVs are used in majority of the households across the world as a primary source of entertainment and news.
  • TV was invented by John Logie Baird which was demonstrated in 25th March 1925.
  • Baird Television Development Company broadcasted the first trans-atlantic television signal between London and New York in 1928.

World Fisheries Day 2020

World Fisheries Day is observed on 21st November every year to highlight the critical importance of fishes and fish products in our daily lives. This day is mainly celebrated by the fishing communities across the globe.

Theme- Social Responsibility in the fisheries value chain

Key Highlights-

  • Around 25% of the dietary protein in the world is provided by the fishes.
  • Over 100 million tonnes of fish is consumed globally.
  • India has also started observing World Fisheries Day for the past few years.
  • Department of Fisheries of Indian government have started organizing annual events to declare the best states in fisheries in different categories which will consequently encourage the states to make improvements to the fisheries sector.
  • of India has launched Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana worth Rs. 20,050 crores.  

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days -20th November 2020

World Children’s Day 2020

World Children’s Day is observed on 20th November every year to make people aware of the children rights and to promote togetherness among children globally. It was declared by United Nations as a global day in 1954.

Focus- A day to re-imagine a better future for every child

Key Highlights-

  • This day is also called the UNICEF’s annual day of action for children by children.
  • World Children’s Day observes the anniversary of the day when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959 and the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.
  • United Nations Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF) has launched a six-point plan to protect our children.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days – 19th November 2020

World Toilet Day 2020

World Toilet Day 2020 is celebrated globally on 19th November every year to promote the use of proper sanitation and clean toilets. It was declared by the United Nations on 19th November 2013 for tackling the global sanitation crisis.

Theme- Sustainable Sanitation and Climate Change

Key Highlights-

  • As per the UN reports, around 4.2 billion people across the world are devoid of any sort of properly managed sanitation. The report also reveals that 297000 children under the age of 5 lose their lives annually due to diarrhoeal diseases and poor sanitation.
  • UN intends to achieve the 6th Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-6) i.e. Water and Sanitation for all by 2030.
  • United Nations Water has also launched an online awareness campaign on this occasion.
  • Gilbert F. Houngbo is the Chairman of United Nations Water headquartered at Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Madhushree Chatterjee is the Secretary at the UN Water.

 

International Men’s Day 2020

International Men’s Day is observed on 19th November every year to celebrate the achievements of men and boys. The contributions of men to the society and community are also remembered on this day.

Theme- ‘Better Health for men and boys’

Key Highlights-

  • The broader and ultimate objective of International Men’s Day is to promote the fundamental humanitarian values.
  • It is observed in 44 countries including India, China, USA, Pakistan and Nepal.
  • International Men’s Day 2020 aims to promote practical improvements regarding the health of the global male population.
  • ‘Save Indian Family’, a Karnataka based NGO works for Men’s Rights in India and celebrates International Men’s Day every year.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 17th November 2020

International Students’ Day 2020

International Student’s Day is observed across the globe on 17th November every year to ensure the access of education to all the students in the world. The day of observance was declared by the International Students Council, London in 1941.

Key Highlights-

  • The day is celebrated to pay tribute to the students who died in the Nazi Attack of 17th November 1939.
  • Nazi armed forces attacked the University of Prague in Czech.
  • Around 1200 students were sent to concentration camps, where many students lost their lives.
  • All the colleges and Universities were closed after the incident.

 

National Epilepsy Day 2020

National Epilepsy Day is celebrated on 17th November 2020 every year across India to make people aware about the risks of Epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder, characterized by recurrent seizures due to excessive electrical discharge by the neurons.

Declared by- Epilepsy Foundation of India

Key Highlights-

  • It is a common neurological disease
  • As per the WHO report, more than 50 million people around the globe are suffering from Epilepsy.
  • The report also reveals that almost 80 % of the Epileptic people reside in low and middle income categories.
  • Symptoms of Epilepsy include loss of consciousness, uncontrollable jerking movements, anxiety etc.
  • The exact cause of Epilepsy has not been proved but it is closely associated with brain damage, brain tumor, meningitis, encephalitis, head injury etc.
  • The complete of Epilepsy is still not known but can be controlled with medications and surgery.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 16th November 2020

International Day for Tolerance 2020

International Day of Tolerance is observed on 16th November every year to promote the element of tolerance in the societies with the help of the educational institutes. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) as a day of global observance in 1996.

Key Highlights-

  • United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its New Delhi Office have released an illustrative book titled as ‘A Day With Gandhi’ for promoting non-violence on this occasion.
  • ‘A Day with Gandhi’ has been written by Aarya Chavda.
  • UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize is given on this day of global observance to the organizations for their contribution in defending Human Rights. The award has been named after the globally acknowledged Pakistani writer, Madanjeet Singh, who has dedicated several books on the humanitarian programmes carried out by UNESCO.
  • UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize 2020 has been given to Centre Resolution Conflicts (CRC) of the Democratic Republic of Congo for defending human rights in the region and rescuing children in getting trained by the militia groups.

National Press Day 2020

National Press Day is celebrated in India on 16th November every year to promote free and responsible press in India. Press Council of India was started on 16th November 1966.

Key Highlights-

  • Press Council of India is a statutory body that maintains professional ethics in journalism.
  • Award for Excellence in Journalism is given on this day every year.
  • Vice President, Venkaiah Naidu will present the awards for excellence in journalism this year.
  • Media is called the ‘Fourth Pillar of Democracy’.
  • Press Commission of India was established under the recommendations of The First Press Commission, 1956.
  • Press Council of India established on 4th July 1966.
  • Press Council of India is a quasi-judicial institution.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 15th November 2020

World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims 2020

World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims is observed on the third Sunday of November every year to remember the victims who were killed or injured in road accidents. The day of remembrance also aims to make people aware of the global efforts being undertaken to reduce casualties.

Theme- ‘First Responders- declared by the World Health Organization’s Regional Office in Europe.

Key Highlights-

  • The Day of Remembrance was started by European Federation of Road Traffic Victims (FEVR) in 1995.
  • It was declared as a global day of remembrance by the United Nations in 2005.
  • As per a WHO report, around 1.35 million people across the globe, lost their lives in road accidents in 2018 and 50 million people were injured.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 14th November 2020

World Diabetes Day 2020

World Diabetes Day is observed on 14th November every year to make people aware of the health risks of Diabetes and how to prevent them. 14th November is also marked as the birth anniversary of Sir Frederick Banting, the discoverer of Insulin.   

Declared by- United Nation (UN) in association with International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) and World Health Organization (WHO)

Declared in- 1991

Theme- The Nurse and Diabetes

Key Highlights-

  • World Diabetes Day campaign is represented by a blue circle logo that was adopted in 2007.
  • Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas fail to produce adequate amount of insulin or the body cannot utilize the insulin produced. Diabetes is of two types, i.e. Type-1 and Type-2.
  • Type-1 Diabetes occurs due to the lack of enough insulin to maintain optimum blood sugar level.
  • Type-2 Diabetes occurs due to ineffective use of Insulin produced in the body. It is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes.
  • As per the IDF Report, around 422 million adults across the globe were diabetic in 2014.
  • Insulin was discovered by Frederick Banting and Charles Best in 1992.

Children’s Day (India)

Children’s Day is celebrated in India on 14th November every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. He is the first Prime Minister of independent India in 1947.

Key Highlights-

  • Children’s day in India was earlier celebrated on 20th November every year which was declared by the United Nations.
  • After the death of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, the Children’s day was declared on 14th November to pay tribute to Nehru.
  • 14th November was declared as Children’s day in 1956.
  • The day has been declared a national holiday.
  • It is celebrated to make people aware of the rights, care and education of children.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 13th November 2020

Ayurveda Day 2020

Ayurveda Day is observed on 13th November this year across the world to promote and preserve Ayurvedic Medical Science. Ministry of AYUSH decided to mark Dhanwantri Jayanti or Dhanteras as the Ayurveda Day in 2016.

Theme- Ayurveda for COVID-19

Key Highlights-

  • Ayurveda Day is supported by Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) and Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR).
  • Ayurveda Day was celebrated on 28th October 2016 for the first time.
  • Dhanwantri is considered as the god of Ayurvedic medicine and the doctor of gods.
  • On the occasion of Ayurveda Day 2020, Institute of Teaching & Research in Ayurveda (ITRA), Jamnagar has been given the status of Institution of National Importance (INI) and National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA), Jaipur has been made a deemed university now..
  • World Health Organization will establish Centre for Traditional Medicine in India.

World Kindness Day

World Kindness Day is observed on 13th November every year to showcase the noble deeds in the communities. The day focuses on the positive power of the common thread of kindness that binds the whole world.

Declared by- World Kindness Movement

Declared in – 1998

Objective- To bridge the gap between the communities divided by religion, race, gender and ZIP codes.

Key Highlights-

  • World Kindness Movement is a coalition of kindness promoting Non- Governmental Organizations (NGOs) working in different parts of the world.
  • World Kindness Day is mainly observed in countries like India, Italy, Canada, Australia, Nigeria, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Singapore, United Kingdom.
  • Singapore observed this day for the first time in 2009.
  • World Kindness Movement works on the principle that kindness is a fundamental part of human life.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days – 12th November 2020

World Pneumonia Day

World Pneumonia Day is observed on 12th November every year to make people aware of the deadly infectious disease of Pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infectious disease in which the lungs get filled with mucous or fluid which causes difficulty in breathing especially in the kids.

Theme- ‘Let’s increase access to medical oxygen’

Declared by- Global coalition against Child Pneumonia

Declared in- 2009

Key Highlights-

  • Global coalition against Child Pneumonia forum campaigns across the globe to provide solutions and highlight the need for resources to fight against Pneumonia.
  • Pneumonia caused 2.5 million deaths globally in 2019, which included 672,000 children.
  • The disease has caused 1.9 million deaths globally so far in 2020.
  • Symptoms like cough with pus, fever, chest pain and chills clearly indicate Pneumonia disease.

 

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 11th November 2020

National Education Day

National Education Day is celebrated across India on 11th November every year to commemorate Maulana Abul Kalam Azad on his birth anniversary. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad became the first Education Minister of independent India.

Declared on- 11th September, 2008

Declared by- Ministry of Human Resource Development

Key Highlights-

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad served as the Education minister of India from 1947 to 1958.
  • Various functions and programmes are conducted in the schools and colleges on this day.
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11th November 1888.
  • He has made several significant contributions in building the foundation of educational system of India.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days-10th November 2020

World Science Day for Peace and Development 2020

World Science Day is observed on 10th November every year to mark the importance of science in our daily lives. The day was declared to promote international scientific co-operation across the globe.  

Declared by- United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2001 following the 1999 World Conference on Science (Budapest).

Theme- ‘Science for and with society in dealing with COVID-19’

Key Highlights-

  • This day of observance has been declared for making people aware about the recent advancements in the field of science.
  • The day also promotes sustainable development of the societies.
  • UNESCO aims to strengthen the solidarity of the nations for solving global problems using scientific knowledge.

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 8th November 2020

World Radiology Day

World Radiography Day is observed on 8th November every year. The day of observance has been declared for marking the anniversary of the discovery of X-Rays by Wilhelm Rontgen. X-Ray was discovered in 1895.

Key Highlights-

  • The Radiology Day is observed every year to make people aware of the radiographic imaging and therapy using x-rays.
  • X-Rays are used in several medical diagnostic procedures mainly at the time of detection of bone fractures.
  • Radiology is a discipline of medical science that uses x-ear imaging to diagnose various diseases within the bodies of animals, including humans.

 

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 7th November 2020

National Cancer Awareness Day

National Cancer Day is observed on 7th November every year to make people aware of the risks of Cancer and how to prevent them from occurring. National Cancer Awareness Day was declared in the year 2014. The National Cancer Awareness day promotes people to report to the government hospitals for free screening of Cancer.

Date of Declaration- September, 2014

Declared By- Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare.

Key Highlights-             

  • 7th November is the birth anniversary of Marie Curie.
  • Marie Curie has discovered Radium and Plutonium for which she received the Nobel Prize in 1903.
  • She died with Cancer.
  • As per the World Health Organization (WHO) reports, 18 million people were diagnosed with Cancer and out of that 1.5 million cases were registered from India.
  • The report also revealed that around 0.8 million people died of Cancer in India out of 9.5 million deaths globally in 2018 and the figures are projected to double by 2040.
  • Cancer is the second most deadly disease in the world.

World Infant Protection Day 2020

World Infant Protection Day is observed on 7th November every year. The day of observance was declared for making people aware of the safety of the infants and their protection.

Key Highlights-

  • This day is observed to save the lives of the infants who face the risk of life due to improper care and negligency of the parents after their birth.
  • Infant Mortality Rate of India in 2019 was 28.3, which was way above the global average Infant Mortality Rate.
  • Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is the ratio of number of infant deaths per 1000 live births.

 

Current Affairs- Important Dates and Days- 6th November 2020

 

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflicts 2020

 International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflicts is observed on 6th November every year. The day of observance was declared by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 5th November 2001 to make the nations aware about the exploitation of nature and natural resources during the armed confrontations.

  Key Highlights-

  • As per the report released by United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the military conflicts have accounted for about 40% of the total natural resource exploitation in past sixty years.
  • The Afghan war accounts for 95 % of the deforestations in the region, same is true for Columbia and Iraq.
  • UNEP promotes sustainable development along with peace to ensure the existence of safe natural on the planet.
  • Inger Anderson is the Executive Director of UNEP which is headquartered At Nairobi, Kenya.

 

Current Affairs-Important Dates and Days- 5th November 2020

World Tsunami Awareness Day 2020

World Tsunami Day is observed on 5th November every year to make people aware about the havoc that a Tsunami can cause affecting millions of people living in coastal areas. A Tsunami is a series of giant sea waves caused due to under water earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Designated by- United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)

Year of declaration- 2015

Key Highlights-

  • TheTsunami of December 2004 in the Indian Ocean was the deadliest Tsunami ever recorded.
  • The Tsunami of 2004 killed around 2.27 lac people of 14 countries mainly from India, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Indonesia.
  • Around 700 million people are currently living in low lying coastal areas and small islands that are at highest risk of encountering a Tsunami.
  • As per the reports o0f UN, almost 50% of the world’s population will be living in the coastal areas by 2030.
  • ‘Tsunami’ is a Japanese term which means ‘harbour waves’. A Tsunami wave can attain a speed of 800 km/hr and a height of 300 ft.

Current Affairs-Important Dates and Days- 1st November 2020

World Vegan Day observed on 1st November

World Vegan Day is observed on 1st November every year. It is the foundation day of The Vegan Society in Birmingham, UK established in 1944. The day of observance was declared to encourage people to follow a vegan lifestyle for the welfare of animals and environment.

Key Highlights-

  • The day was declared after a meeting called upon by Donald Watson on 1st November, 1944 in which a lifestyle with non-dairy vegetarian diets was discussed and the Vegan Society was formed.
  • 2020 marks the 76th foundation day of the Vegan Society.
  • Vegan Diet is a vegetarian diet in which no animal based products are included like milk, curd, yoghurt, milk protein etc. which makes it different from a Vegeterian Diet that includes dairy products also.

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