International Current Affairs | April 2021
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International Current Affairs- April, 2021
|24th April, 2021|
India becomes the fastest in administering 14 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccine
India has become the fastest country in the world to administer 14 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccine by achieving this feat in a record time period of 99 days. USA and China took 104 and 112 days respectively to cross 14 crore COVID-19 vaccinations. A total of 92,89,000 healthcare workers have been given the 1st dose and 60 lakh healthcare workers have been given the 2nd dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. Over 62 lakh frontline workers have been administered with the 2nd dose whereas 1.19 crore frontline workers have been given the 1st shot of the COVID vaccine.
|23rd April, 2021|
SpaceX carries 4 astronauts to ISS under the ‘Crew-2 Mission’ of NASA
Falcon 9 rocket of SpaceX carried 4 astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) under the commercial crew mission called Crew-2 Mission ‘of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Falcon-9 rocket was launched from the Kennedy Space Centre,Florida in USA. The crew consists of Shane Kimbrough and Megan McArthur of NASA, Akihiko Hoshide of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Thomas Pesquet of European Space Agency (ESA). The rocket booster used to place the crew into the orbit has been recycled from the last spaceflight of Falcon 9. This is the 1st time that a recycled rocket booster has been used to carry the astronauts.
Roscosmos to set up its own space station in 2025
Russian Space Agency, Roscosmos will set up its own space station in 2025.Roscosmos is currently working on the 1st module of the proposed space station. It is being assembled by Energia Corporation at an estimated cost of USD 5 billion. Agreement between International Space Station (ISS) and Roscosmos will expire in 2024 as a result; Moscow is yet to finalize its decision of withdrawal from ISS. Russia will also launch a new series of missions to moon called ‘Luna 25’ by October, 2021.
|21st April, 2021|
India gets elected to 3 key bodies of UN ECOSOC
India has been elected to 3 key bodies of United Nations Economic and Social Council (UN ECOSOC). Those three bodies are- Executive Board of World Food Programme (WFP), Executive Board of the UN Entity for Gender Equality and Empowerment (UN Women) and Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPJ). India’s tenure at all the three bodies will start from 1st January, 2022 for the next three years. CCPJ, UN Women and WFP were established in 1992, 2011 and 1961 respectively. Munir Akram is the President of UN ECOSOC.
|18th April, 2021|
Australia announces INR 8.12 crore grant for AIIPOIP
Australia has announced a grant of INR 8.12 crores for the Australia-India Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative Partnership (AIIPOIP) programme under the Indo-Pacific Ocean Initiative. The programme will help in the delivery of practical outcomes outlines by the Indo-Pacific Ocean Initiative. The grant will encourage proposals from Indian and Australian firms to share their resources and expertise with each other. The Indo-Pacific Ocean Initiative is a part of Australia-India Joint Declaration on ‘Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific’. The Australia-India Joint Declaration was made under Australia-India Comprehensive Strategic Partnership signed in June, 2020.
|17th April, 2021|
NASA’s Artemis Mission will land the 1st woman and 1st coloured person on Moon by 2024
The Artemis Mission of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will perform the landing of 1st woman and 1st person of colour on the lunar surface by 2024. The international spaceflight programme ‘Artemis’ will also carry out sustainable missions to the Moon. NASA has also selected Elon Musk owned SpaceX for developing the 1st commercial lander and carrying two astronauts of US to the moon. The mission has been named after the Greek goddess of Moon, Artemis.
|16th April, 2021|
Kim Boo-kyum becomes the new Prime Minister of South Korea
Kim Boo-kyum has been nominated as the new Prime Minister of South Korea after incumbent PM Chung Sye-kyun resigned from his post for running in the 2022 Presidential elections. Kim Boo-kyum has served as the Minister of Interior and Safety. He has also served as a lawmaker for four terms. Kim Boo was nominated by the President of South Korea, Cheong Wa Dae. He was nominated in the Cabinet reshuffle intended for a new momentum for Cheong’s leadership.
|14th April, 2021|
Claude Joseph becomes the new Prime Minister of Haiti
Claude Joseph has become the new Prime Minister of Haiti. He was appointed by President of Haiti, Jovenel Moise after the incumbent Prime Minister of Haiti, Joseph Jouthe resigned from his post and announced it on twitter without adding any reason. This led to civil unrest in the country followed by increased cases of murders and kidnappings. Joseph Jouthe became the PM of Haiti in March, 2020. Calude Joseph was serving as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship under the tenure of Joseph Jouthe.
|13th April, 2021|
Joe Biden announces withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan
US President, Joe Biden has announced withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan by 11th September, 2021. Forces of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies will also be pulled out of Afghanistan soon. 11th September, 2021 marks the 20th anniversary of 9/11 terror attack in USA. As per the US officials, there are 2500 troops deployed in Afghanistan. The officials of US say that some US troops will be placed after the withdrawal for providing diplomatic support to Afghanistan.
Guillermo Lasso becomes the new President of Ecuador
Former Banker, Guillermo Lasso has become the new President of Ecuador by winning the presidential elections against socialist economist, Andres Arauz. 65- year old Lasso garnered 52 % of the total votes. He will take over the post from Lenin Moreno and will start his tenure from 24th May, 2021. Lasso had previously run for the presidential elections in 2013 and 2017. He has also served as the Governor of Guayas from 1998 to 1999. He has also served as the CEO of Banco Guayaquil.
New Zealand becomes the 1st country to introduce Climate Change Law for the financial sector
New Zealand has introduced the world’s 1st Climate Change Law for the regulation of the financial sector. In accordance with the new law, all the banks, investment managers and insurers with a Total Asset Value (TAV) of NZ $ 1 billion will report the impacts of climate change on their investments in New Zealand’s government. The law will be enforced by 2022 and the companies will have to submit their reports starting from 2023. New Zealand aims to achieve carbon-neutrality in Public Transport by 2025 by procuring Zero-Emission buses for public transport.
|12th April, 2021|
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan jointly commence the construction of a trade hub
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan have jointly started the construction of an international center for trade and economic cooperation or a trade hub at Gisht Kuprik located on the border between both the nations. The trade hub has been named as ‘Central Asia’. A capsule was jointly laid at the construction site of the logistics center by Abdulla Aripov (PM, Uzbekistan) and Askar Mamim (PM, Kazakhstan). The trade hub will be built over an area of 400 hectares for accommodating 35,500 individuals and 5,000 trucks per day. It will be a platform for large industrial trades and logistics.
Archeologists discover ‘The Lost Golden City’ Luxar, Egypt
A team of archeologists and excavators led by Zahi Hawass has discovered a 3400-year old settlement in the west bank of Nile River in Luxar, Egypt. It is believed to be the ‘Lost Golden City’ built by Amenhotep III (1391 to 1353 BC). The ‘Lost Golden City’ is believed to be the largest ancient city to be discovered in Egypt. The excavations have led to the discoveries of mud-brick houses, artifacts and tools. The recent archeological site is said to be the 2nd most important discovery after Tutankhamen’s tomb.
|11th April, 2021|
Singapore becomes the 1st country to ratify RCEP Agreement
Singapore has become the first of 15 member countries to formally approve the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Agreement signed in November, 2020. It is the world’s largest free trade agreement which is being led by China and it has a total of 15 member countries. India opted out of the RCEP in 2019. RCEP has 10 ASEAN nations apart from Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea. The free trade agreement will cover one-third of the world’s total population accounting for 30 % of the global economy once it gets implemented.
|7th April, 2021|
New Zealand temporarily bans travelers from India
New Zealand has temporarily banned travelers from India including its own citizens after 23 people were found positive for COVID-19 in its border out of which 17 were from India. New Zealand has imposed the ban for a period of two weeks. The temporary ban will come into effect from 11th April, 2021. Anyone who has been to India during the past 14 days including its own citizens won’t be allowed to come to New Zealand.
|6th April, 2021|
Benjamin Netanyahu gets nominated by President for the formation of government
Israeli President, Reuven Rivlin has nominated Israel’s former Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu for the formation of new government. The coalition government of Benjamin Netanyahu and Benny Gantz collapsed few months back. Benjamin garnered 52 endorsements from the lawmakers of the parliaments against his opposition Yair Lapid with 45 endorsements. Naftali Bennett of Yamina Party got just 7 votes in the Parliament with 120 seats. Benjamin Netanyahu is the longest serving Prime Minister of Israel.
|5th April, 2021|
Pham Minh Chinh becomes the Prime Minister of Vietnam
National Assembly of Vietnam has selected Pham Minh Chinh as the next Prime Minister of Vietnam. Pham Minh is a member of the Communist Party. He will succeed Nguyen Xuan Phuc as the PM of Vietnam. Nguyen XuanPhuc has been appointed as the next President of Vietnam. 500 members of the National Assembly voted for Pham Minh. Pham Minh is currently a member of the Central Steering Board on Corruption Prevention. He recently became a member of Communist Party’s Central Committee for Personnel and Organization.
|4th April, 2021|
Vjosa Osmani becomes the 2nd female President of Kosovo
Vjosa Osmani Sadriu has become the new President of Kosovo for a period of 5 years. She garnered 72 votes in the parliament of 120 seats. She has become the 7th President and the 2nd female President of post-war Kosovo. 38-year old Vjosa replaced former President Hashim Thaci who resigned after facing multiple charges like war crimes and human rights violation. She is also the youngest in the country and the world to become the head of the state. Kosovo attained independence in 2008 but is still not recognized as an independent country by Serbia and its allies.
|3rd April, 2021|
Eduard Heger becomes the Prime Minister of Slovakia
Former Finance Minister of Slovakia, Eduard Heger has been appointed as the Prime Minister by the President of Slovakia, Zuzana Caputova. Eduard Heger will succeed Igor Matovic as the Slovak Prime Minister. Igor Matovic has now been appointed as the Finance Minister of Slovakia. Eduard Heger has also served as the Parliamentary Deputy and Manager of Matovic’s OLANO Party from 2016 to 2020. Slovak President made the reappointments right after the acquisition of Sputnik-V vaccine (for COVID-19) from Russia in March, 2021.
|2nd April, 2021|
Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou becomes the Prime Minister of Niger
Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou has been appointed as the Prime Minister of Niger by Niger’s President, Mohamed Bazoum. He has served as the Chief of Staff of former President, Mahamadou Issoufou. He belongs to the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism and will be succeeding Brigi Rafini. He has also served as the Finance Minister of Niger from 2011 to 2012. President Mohamed Bazoum made the first democratic transition of power of Niger since its independence from France in 1960.
|1st April, 2021|
Russia develops the world’s 1st COVID-19 vaccine for animals
Russia has become the 1st country in the world to develop and register a vaccine for animals against COVID-19. It has been developed by Rosselkhoznadzor and the vaccine has been named as ‘Carnivak-Cov’. It was being tested on dogs, cats, foxes and minks since October, 2020. The development of vaccine started when Denmark decided to cull 15 million minks after some of them were detected with mutated variant of COVID-19 virus. Rosselkhoznadzor developed the vaccine with an aim to prevent the transmission of mutated variants of COVID-19 virus from the animals to humans.