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Top 5 Countries With Longest Rail Networks

Rail transportation has experienced significant challenges during the previous five decades. The change of global supply channels has made logistics more difficult than ever before, with increased pressure to produce faster, flexible services at a reduced cost. In this rapidly changing environment, freight rail is under stiff competition from road transport, a trend that will only grow as emerging developments like automated vehicles and on-demand mobility services take hold. Railways have also been affected hard by government budget cuts around the world, reducing their capacity to invest in infrastructure and maintain good service standards. Here, we listed the top 5 countries with the largest rail transport network, based on data from the International Union of Railways and updated with additional reputable sources at the end of the year. These statistics also include public transportation networks in cities and suburbs, as well as lines that are not operated for passenger trains.

Canada's major railway line is the fifth longest in the world, with 48,000 km route. The two main freight rail tracks in the country are the Canadian National Railway (CN) and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), while Via Rail conducts the 12,500 km intercity passenger rail route. Other smaller railway lines that provide passenger service to select rural areas of the country include Ontario Northland Railway & Algoma Central Railway.

Canada's major railway line is the fifth longest in the world, with 48,000 km route. The two main freight rail tracks in the country are the Canadian National Railway (CN) and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), while Via Rail conducts the 12,500 km intercity passenger rail route. Other smaller railway lines that provide passenger service to select rural areas of the country include Ontario Northland Railway & Algoma Central Railway.

The state-owned Indian Railways runs the world's fourth-longest rail network, which has a functioning track length of more than 68,525 km. At the end of 2015-16, IR was the world's eighth largest employer, with 1.331 million employees. In 2021, IR carried around 8.1 billion passengers, with non-suburban passenger traffic accounting for approximately 43 %. In 2018-19, its gross revenues were at 1.9 trillion rupees.

The state-owned Indian Railways runs the world's fourth-longest rail network, which has a functioning track length of more than 68,525 km. At the end of 2015-16, IR was the world's eighth largest employer, with 1.331 million employees. In 2021, IR carried around 8.1 billion passengers, with non-suburban passenger traffic accounting for approximately 43 %. In 2018-19, its gross revenues were at 1.9 trillion rupees.

Russian Railways is the world's third largest railway system, covering over 86,000 km and transporting over a billion passengers annually. Russian Railways, a state-owned monopoly, operates the network services in Russia. In 2013, the railway transported 1.08 billion people and 1.2 billion tonnes of freight, ranking third behind the United States and China in terms of freight volume.

Russian Railways is the world's third largest railway system, covering over 86,000 km and transporting over a billion passengers annually. Russian Railways, a state-owned monopoly, operates the network services in Russia. In 2013, the railway transported 1.08 billion people and 1.2 billion tonnes of freight, ranking third behind the United States and China in terms of freight volume.

China's rail service is the world's second largest, with a total length of nearly 124,000 kms. In 2013, the state-owned China Railway Corporation's enormous network transported 2.08 billion people and 3.22 billion tonnes of freight (second only to the US railway infrastructure). By 2050, the country's overall railway track is expected to exceed 270,000 kms.

China's rail service is the world's second largest, with a total length of nearly 124,000 kms. In 2013, the state-owned China Railway Corporation's enormous network transported 2.08 billion people and 3.22 billion tonnes of freight (second only to the US railway infrastructure). By 2050, the country's overall railway track is expected to exceed 270,000 kms.

With a total operating path length of over 250,000 kms, the United States railway service is the world's largest. The freight network accounts for over 80% of the country's entire rail network, while the passenger network covers about 35,000 kms.

The freight rail network in the United States is made up of 538 private railroads. The Union Pacific Railway and the BNSF Railway are two of the world's biggest freight railroad service. Amtrak is a national public rail service that connects 500 destinations throughout 46 American states with more than 30 train lines.

With a total operating path length of over 250,000 kms, the United States railway service is the world's largest. The freight network accounts for over 80% of the country's entire rail network, while the passenger network covers about 35,000 kms. The freight rail network in the United States is made up of 538 private railroads. The Union Pacific Railway and the BNSF Railway are two of the world's biggest freight railroad service. Amtrak is a national public rail service that connects 500 destinations throughout 46 American states with more than 30 train lines.

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