Latest Reports and Indices | June 2021

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Latest Reports and Indices | June 2021

Latest Reports and Indices- June, 2021

17th June, 2021

India’s expenditure on research below 1 % of its GDP, says UNESCO Science Report 2021

As per the ‘UNESCO Science Report 2021: The race against time for smarter development’, India’s Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research & Development (GERD) is stuck at just 0.7 % of the Gross Dometic Product (GDP) for the last couple of years. The report revealed that India has the lowest GERD among the BRICS nations. The report has been released by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The report is published once in 5 years. Indian government has already set a target of achieving the GERD of 2 % of the GDP by the end of 2030.   

16th June, 2021

China, India and Pakistan increasing their nuclear warheads, says the SIPRI Report

In accordance with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Report, China, India and Pakistan are expanding their respective nuclear arsenals and enhancing their nuclear warhead capabilities. The report says that China had 350 nuclear warheads whereas India and Pakistan had 156 and 165 nuclear warheads respectively in the beginning of 2021. The 9 nuclear-capable nations (USA, UK, Russia, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea) altogether possessed 13,080 nuclear warheads in the beginning of 2021.

15th June, 2021

India gets placed at the 14th position in the World Giving Index 2021 Report

India has been ranked 14th among 114 countries in the World Giving Index 2021 Report. Indonesia topped the Index followed by Kenya and Nigeria. The report has been released by London-based, Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) based on the impact of lockdowns on charities made by the country. Japan was placed at the bottom of rankings below Belgium (112) and Portugal (114). The report also revealed that, India’s score has rapidly improved between 2017 and 2019.  

Developing economies need US $ 1 trillion by 2030 for meeting its energy transition needs, says IES’s report

As per the ‘Financing Clean Energy Transitions in Emerging and Developing Economies’ Report, the developing economies need US $ 1 trillion by the end of 2030 to keep themselves on the track to achieve net-zero emissions by the end of 2050. The report has been prepared and released by International Energy Agency (IEA) in collaboration with World Economic Forum (WEF) and World Bank. The requirement for investments from the developing economies is seven times more as compared to that of 2019 which was just US $150 billion.

14th June, 2021

Madhya Pradesh tops in Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21

As per the Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21, Madhya Pradesh has topped the index with a score of 64.1 followed by Odisha (59.3) and Himachal Pradesh (57.1). The Index has been prepared by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) in collaboration with United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The Index is based on parameters like coverage of Iron-Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation among the beneficiaries for supporting assessment of performance and progress of the programme. The Anemia Mukt Bharat initiative was launched by the government in 2018.

Spending on nuclear weapons increased by $ 1.4 billion in 2020, says the ICAN’s Report

As per the ‘Complicit: 2020 Global Nuclear Spending’ report released by the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), the overall spending on atomic weapon arsenal by the nuclear armed countries increased by $ 1.4 billion to $ 72.6 billion in 2020. The report revealed that, USA comes at the top in terms of annual expenditure on nuclear warheads followed by China and Russia. India was at the 6th position with an annual expenditure of USD 2.4 billion in 2020.  

13th June, 2021

India ranks 55th in the Global Home Price Index

As per the Global Home Price Index, India has been ranked 55th in the 1st quarter (Q1) beginning from January to March, 2021. India has slipped 12 spots in the global rankings as compared to last year’s Q1 rankings. The index has been prepared by London-based Knight Frank. Turkey topped the global rankings followed by New Zealand and Luxembourg. Turkey showed a Year-on-Year (YoY) growth of 32 %. As a result of the ongoing pandemic, India’s ranking fell down to 56th in the Q4 of 2020.

Key findings of UNDP’s ‘Aspirational Districts Programme: An Appraisal’ Report

India’s Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) has been appreciated in the ‘Aspirational Districts Programme: An Appraisal’ Report released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). UNDP has call India’s ADP as a very successful model of local area development. UNDP has recommended India’s ADP model to other parts of the globe where the regional disparities in development prevail. UNDP’s appraisal report has also recommended several changes in the programme for further improvement. ADP was launched by PM Narendra Modi in 2018.

 

12th June, 2021

Key findings of All India Survey on Higher Education 2019-20 Report

The All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 Report was released by Union Minister of Education, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’. It has been prepared by the Department of Higher Education under the Ministry of Education. The report revealed that there has been a growth of 11.4 % in the student enrolment from 2015-16 to 2019-20. The report also mentioned the 18.2 % rise in enrolment of female students in higher education during the same period. The web-based survey was based on indicators like Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), Institution Density, Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR), Gender Parity Index (GPI) and Per Student Expenditure.

India might lose 3-10 % of its GDP annually by 2100 due to climate change, says the ODI Report

As per ‘The Costs of Climate Change in India: A review of the climate-related risks facing India, and their economic and social costs’ Report, India might lose 3-10 % of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) annually by the year 2100 as a consequence of climate change. The report also revealed that India’s Poverty Rate may rise by 3.5 % in 2040 as a result of climate change. The report has been released by Overseas Development Institute (ODI). As per the report, India has observed a rise in temperature by 0.60C over the last 100 years.

Switzerland placed at the top in Global Skills Report 2021

As per the Global Skills Report 2021, Switzerland has topped the global rankings followed by Luxembourg and Austria. India has been placed at 67th position in the overall global list. Japan topped among the Asian countries. The report is based on the performance data of about 77 million learners. The benchmark skills like Data Science, Technology and Business were analyzed for preparing the rankings. India ranked 16th among the Asian nations, ahead of Philippines and Thailand. The report has been prepared by Coursera.

11th June, 2021

Small Island States experienced a 9 % dip in GDP in 2020, says the UNCTAD Report

As per the ‘Development and Globalization: Facts and Figures’ report, the Small Island Development States (SIDS) experienced a dip of 9 % in their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2020 due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The dip in GDP of other developing countries was just 3.3 % in 2020. The report has been released by United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). As per the report, services export sector is one of the most severely hit sectors which heavily relies on tourism. The report revealed that the SIDS were 35 % more vulnerable to external financial and economic shocks.

DBS Bank tops in India’s list of the Forbes’ World’s Best Banks 2021

Singapore-based financial services group, DBS has topped in India’s list of the Forbes’ World’s Best Banks 2021. DBS Bank has also topped in the Indonesia’s list of World’s Best Banks 2021. DBS was followed by Kerala-based CSB Bank, ICICI, HDFC, Kotak Mahindra and Axis Bank. State Bank of India was ranked at the 7th place in the India’s list whereas India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) and PayTM Payments Bank were ranked 11th and 16th respectively.  Andhra Pradesh Cooperative Bank (14th) was the only bank to be included in the list.

10th June, 2021

QS World University Rankings 2022 names MIT as the World’s Best University

Manchester Institute of Technology (MIT), USA has been named as the World’s Best University in the QS World University Rankings 2022 for the 10th consecutive time. MIT is followed by University of Oxford (UK) at the 2nd spot; Stanford University (USA) and Cambridge University (UK) at the 3rd spot. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay was named as India’s Best institute with a global ranking of 177. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru has been named as the World’s Top Research Institute.    

9th June, 2021

Auckland named as the ‘Most Liveable City of the world’ by EIU

As per the bi-annual Global Liveability Index 2021, Auckland (New Zealand) is the ‘most liveable city in the world’ followed by Osaka (Japan) and Adelaide (Australia). The index report has been prepared by the Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU). The index is based on a survey conducted in 140 countries between 22nd February, 2021 and 21st March, 2021. The cities are evaluated on the basis of 5 indicators- stability, healthcare, infrastructure, education and environment. Damascus (Syria) was placed at the bottom of the index.

Key findings of Global Wind Workforce Outlook 2021-2025

‘Global Wind Workforce Outlook 2021-2025’ has been released by Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC). The report highlights the increase in job opportunities in the supply chain of the global wind industry. The report presents the global forecast for the training needs of the wind industry in countries like Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, South Africa, China, USA, Japan, Vietnam, India and Brazil. As per the report India has retained its position as one of the top markets for onshore wind with 38.6 Gigawatts (GW) capacity. It is expected that India will add an additional capacity of 20 GW in the next 5 years.  

8th June, 2021

India ranks 117th in the ‘State of India’s Environment Report 2021’

India has been placed at the 117th spot in the ‘State of India’s Environment Report, 2021. It has been released by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE). India’s rank was 115th in the previous edition. The ranking has been prepared on the basis of achievement of 17 Sustainable Developmental Goals (SDGs) adopted by 193 member states of the United Nations (UN) under the 2030 agenda. India’s overall score was 61.9 out of 100 which is below the score of Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

7th June, 2021

Key findings of the 3rd edition of Performance Grading Index 2019-20

The Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 has been released by the Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL) under the Ministry of Education. Punjab (929 points) topped among the states and UTs followed by Chandigarh (912), Tamil Nadu (906), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (901) and Kerala (901). PGI measures the progress of the States and Union Territories on the basis of school education including infrastructure and facilities, access ad equity, governance and management processes. Chhattisgarh (700), Nagaland (667), Meghalaya (649), Ladakh (545) were placed at the bottom of the rankings.

Tsinghua University tops 2021 THE Asia University rankings

Tsinghua University (China) has topped the 2021 Times Higher Education (THE) Asia University Rankings. Peking University (China) and National University of Singapore have secured 2nd and 3rd rank respectively. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore (37th); Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Ropar (55th) and IIT Indore (78th) are among the top 100 universities in Asia. A total of 18 Indian universities have made it to the top 200 rankings. The ranking has been prepared on the basis of 13 performance indicators related to teaching, knowledge transfer, research and international outlook.  

6th June, 2021

40 % of crops gets lost to pests annually across the globe, says the FAO Report

As per the ‘Scientific review of the impact of climate change on plant pests’ Report, pests cause a loss of 40 % of the crops globally every year. It has been released by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The report has been prepared by a team of authors led by Maria Lodovica from the University of Turin, Italy. Elimination of pests like Fall Armyworm and Desert Locusts cost around USD 70 billion annually across the globe.     

5th June, 2021

Key findings of UN’s ‘State of Finance for Nature’

United Nations has released ‘State of Finance for Nature’ Report which has been prepared by the World Economic Forum (WEF), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Economics of Land Degradation Initiative. As per the report, the annual investments in nature-based solutions must be increased by 3 times by the end of 2030 and by 4 times by the end of 2050 as compared to the current spending of US $ 133 billion. The report emphasizes the need for increasing sustainable management of environment.

3rd June, 2021

Manama tops AIRINC Global 150 Cities Index in financial attractiveness

Bahrain’s capital city, Manama has topped the AIRINC Global 150 Cities Index for financial attractiveness for the 3rd time consecutively. Financial attractiveness has been calculated on the basis of cost of living, salary levels and taxes in a particular market. Mumbai (123rd) and New Delhi (122nd) are the only two Indian cities to get a place among the top 150 cities. Seven cities from Middle East North Africa (MENA) have been placed in top 16. Prague of Czech Republic topped the rankings for Lifestyle and Zurich of Switzerland topped in terms of overall attractiveness.

2nd June, 2021

Global unemployment rate to be at 5.7 % in 2022, says WESO Trends 2021 Report

As per the ‘World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2021 (WESO Trends 2021)’, the global unemployment rate will be 6.3 % in 2021 and 5.7 % in 2022. The report also revealed that there will be no recovery in the rate of global jobs until 2023. The report has been released by International Labour Organization (ILO). ILO’s report predicts that there will be 205 million unemployed people around the world in 2022 which is much higher than the pre-pandemic year.  

Key findings of NITI Aayog’s SDG India Index 2020-21

The 3rd edition of ‘Sustainable Development Government (SDG) India Index 2020-21: Partnerships in the Decade of Action’ has been released by National Institution for Transforming India (NITI). As per the index, Kerala has topped among the states with a score of 75 followed by Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu at 2nd position and Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Uttarakhand at the third place. Bihar was placed at the bottom with a score of 52. Chhattisgarh, Nagaland, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Jharkhand were among the worst performing states.