Trivia | World Current Affairs | In Short | 18th October

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Trivia | World Current Affairs | In Short | 18th October

India to get COVID-19 vaccine by March 2021

Dr Suresh Jadhav, Executive director of the Serum Institute of India has revealed that India may get a COVID-19 vaccine by March 2021. He said that this would happen provided the regulators signal with the processes fast as multiple manufacturers are working on it. He also said that India is heading fast towards vaccine development as two manufacturers are already in phase-3 trial and one in the phase-2 trial, while more players are joining the race. Serum Institute of India can produce 700-800 million vaccine dosages every year once things are streamlined by joining hands with the Oxford-Astrazeneca vaccine, the forerunner of the world’s answer to COVID-19.

Indian Scientists innovates process for ocean oil spillage

The scientists from the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) has developed an eco-friendly crude oil bioremediation mechanism technology using consortia of marine microbes wheat bran (WB) immobilized on agro-residue bacterial cells. This very innovative idea will help to fight against the oil spillage in the ocean, which has become a concern for the environment and ecosystems. The NIOT study found that immobilised bacterial cells had better oil-degrading capacity than the free bacterial cells. They could remove 84 per cent of the oils within 10 days. The free bacterial cells degraded a maximum of 60 per cent of the crude oil at optimised conditions.

Hindustan Zinc to build top zinc plant in Gujarat

Vedanta Group firm Hindustan Zinc Ltd. on Wednesday said it has signed a pact with Gujarat government to set up a greenfield zinc smelter in the state. The firm announced that the project will entail an investment of up to Rs 10,000 crore. The facility, which will be spread over 415 acres, will create more than 5,000 direct and indirect jobs and will be operational by 2022. This is one of the largest MoUs signed by the state under the States new industrial policy, which gives extra benefits to the companies investing in backward tribal districts.

Tuberculosis provincial in decline amidst COVID-19 fears

The latest Global Tuberculosis Report, published by the World Health Organization (WHO), warned that the COVID-19 pandemic, combined with impacts on care-seeking behaviour, threatens to reverse the recent progress in reducing the global burden of tuberculosis (TB) disease. This is based on a study, which revealed a sudden decline in the number of TB cases being notified during the April-May months, during which most of the world was gripped in COVID-19 fears. While India accounts for 26% of TB cases in the world, the TB notifications during the period January-June 2020 in India fell by 25% compared to the same period in 2019.

Umar Gul retires from Professional Cricket

Pakistan speedster Umar Gul on Saturday announced he will retire from all forms of cricket after the end of the ongoing National T20 Cup. The 36-year-old Gul, who played his last match for Pakistan -- an ODI -- in 2016, featured for the Balochistan team in the National T20 Cup, which ends on Sunday. His side lost against Southern Punjab (Pakistan) in Rawalpindi on Friday to be out of the reckoning for the semifinals. One of the most feared fast bowlers at his time, he is also one of the leading wicket-takers for the national team.

Jacinda Ardern wins NZ elections

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern's centre-left Labour Party won a landslide victory in New Zealand's general election on Saturday as voters rewarded her for a decisive response to COVID-19. The mandate means Ms Ardern, 40, could form the first single-party government in decades, and face the challenge of delivering on the progressive transformation she promised but failed to deliver in her first term, where Labour shared power with a nationalist party. She also took the centre stage during the Christchurch shootings, giving out a powerful and emotional message to the public to rally behind the victims.

NASA to widen private space partnerships

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine will announce new space technology public-private partnerships on Wednesday. Bridenstine will make the announcement at the virtual fall Lunar Surface Innovation Consortium meeting. The event is co-hosted by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and Arizona State University. The new partnerships will provide the space agency with a boost for future endeavours, especially the Artemis programme, trying to put man back to Moon and beyond. The agency's long-term goal is to send a manned mission to Mars in the 2030s.

India and Chile hold first joint commission meet

India and Chile held their first joint commission meeting on Friday and agreed to add new momentum to their relations in a wide range of fields including trade and commerce, agriculture, health and social security, defence and space. The meeting held virtually was co-chaired by External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and his Chilean counterpart Andres Allamand Zavala. Both sides noted that the Joint Commission was a significant development in India - Chile relations, being the first institutionalized dialogue between the two countries at the level of Foreign Ministers. India welcomed Chile's decision to designate India as a priority country in its foreign policy. Chile will also be opening its Consulate General in Mumbai.

 Huawei to introduce tech-related automobile parts

Huawei Technologies is gearing up to expand its business to the development, production, sales, and service of automobile parts and other related systems. The company has recently shown interest and have done investments in the automobile industry. Huawei may develop new technologies related to hardware, software, and 5G related equipment for automobiles. This will not be the first time Huawei partners with car manufacturers to develop technologies. Huawei could even develop its own interface for automobiles to compete with Google and Apple. Maybe a HarmonyOS iteration for automobiles powered by all the Google-less apps that are on EMUI, like Here WeGo maps.

Alan Jarvis dementia caused by heading footballs

Veteran Wales footballer Alan Jarvis had contracted with dementia, which had caused his speech to deteriorate and his behaviour to change sometime before his death in December 2019. The veteran football player, who represented Everton and Hull City in the 1960s and 1970s, winning three caps for his country, played during a time when the Footballs used were much heavier than that of today and the dementia is said to have been caused by heading these heavy footballs, according to a study by researchers of the University of Glasgow. This has now caused worries among the footballing fraternities, as heading ins are quite usual in the game.

Three Suns appear in Chinese sky from Sun dog phenomenon

The residents of North Eastern Chinese city of Mohe woke up to an extra special morning where they saw the sunrise with not one but three suns. The two extra suns that appeared in the sky were not real and occurred naturally due to a phenomenon called ‘sun dog’. It is also known as an atmospheric optical phenomenon which causes people to see three suns instead of one. The rare phenomenon lasted for three hours, beginning from 6:30 am to 9:30 am. The rare phenomenon called ‘sun dog’ occurs when ice crystals form in the Earths' atmosphere.